LIST OF JAPANESE YEAR PERIODS

Name Japanese Era Christian Era
Tai-kwa 1305 645
Haku-chi 1310 650
[ ] 1315-1331 655-671
Su-jaku 1332 672
Haku-hō 1332 672
Su-chō 1346 686
[ ] 1347-1360 687-700
Tai-hō [Dai-hō] 1361 701
Kei-un 1364 704
Wa-dō 1368 708
Rei-ki 1375 715

Name Japanese Era Christian Era
Yō-rō 1377 717
Jin-ki [Shin-ki] 1384 724
Tem-biō [Tem-pei] 1389 729
Tem-biō Shō-hō 1409 749
Tem-biō Hō-ji 1417 757
Tem-biō Jin-go 1425 765
Jin-go Kei-un 1427 767
Hō-ki 1430 770
Ten-ō 1441 781
En-riaku [En-reki] 1442 782
Dai-dō 1466 806
Kō-nin 1470 810
Ten-chō 1484 824
Jō-wa [Shō-wa] 1494 834
Ka-jō [Ka-shō] 1508 848
Nin-ju 1511 851
Sai-kō 1514 854
Ten-an 1517 857
Jō-kwan [Jō-gwan] 1519 859
Gwan-goō [Gwan-kei] 1537 877
Nin-wa [Nin-na] 1545 885
Kwam-pei 1549 889
Shō-tai 1558 898
En-gi 1561 901
En-chō 1583 923
Jō-hei [Shō-hei] 1591 931
Ten-giō [Ten-kei] 1598 938
Ten-riaku [Ten-reki] 1607 947
Ten-toku 1617 957
Ō-wa 1621 961
Kō-hō 1624 964
An-wa [An-na] 1628 968
Ten-roku 1630 970
Ten-en 1633 973
Jō-gen [Tei-gen] 1636 976
Ten-gen 1638 978

Name Japanese Era Christian Era
Ei-kwan 1643 983
Kwan-a [Kwan-na] 1645 985
Ei-en 1647 987
Ei-sho [Ei-so] 1649 989
Shō-riaku [Shō-reki] 1650 990
Chō-toku 1655 995
Chō-hō 1659 999
Kwan-kō 1664 1004
Chō-wa 1672 1012
Kwan-nim 1677 1017
Ji-an 1681 1021
Man-ju 1684 1024
Chō-gen 1688 1028
Chō-riaku [Chō-reki] 1697 1037
Chō-kiū 1700 1040
Kwan-toku 1704 1044
Ei-jō [Ei-shō] 1706 1046
Ten-gi [Ten-ki] 1713 1053
Kō-tei 1718 1058
Ji-riaku [Ji-reki] 1725 1065
En-kiū 1729 1069
Jō-hō [Shō-hō] 1734 1074
Jō-riaku [Shō-reki] 1737 1077
Ei-hō 1741 1081
Ō-toku 1744 1084
Kwan-gi 1747 1087
Ka-hō 1754 1094
Ei-chō 1756 1096
Jō-toku [Shō-toku] 1757 1097
Kō-wa 1759 1099
Chō-ji 1764 1104
Ka-jō [Ka-shō] 1766 1106
Ten-nin 1768 1108
Ten-ei 1770 1110
Ei-kiū 1773 1113
Gen-ei 1778 1118

NameJapanese EraChristian Era
Hō-an 1780 1120
Ten-ji 1784 1124
Dai-ji [Tai-ji] 1786 1126
Ten-jō [Ten-shō] 1791 1131
Chō-jō [Chō-shō] 1792 1132
Hō-en 1795 1135
Ei-ji 1801 1141
Kō-ji 1802 1142
Ten-yō 1804 1144
Kiū-an 1805 1145
Nim-biō [Nim-pei] 1811 1151
Kiū-ju 1814 1154
Hō-gen 1816 1156
Hei-ji 1819 1159
Ei-riaku [Ei-reki] 1820 1160
Ō-hō 1821 1161
Chō-kwan 1823 1163
Ei-man 1825 1165
Nin-an 1826 1166
Ka-ō 1829 1169
Jō-an [Shō-an] 1831 1171
An-gen 1835 1175
Ji-shō 1837 1177
Yō-wa 1841 1181
Ju-ei 1842 1182
Gen-riaku [Gen-reki] 1844 1184
Bun-ko 1845 1185
Ken-kiū 1850 1190
Shō-ji 1859 1199
Ken-nin 1861 1201
Gen-kiū 1864 1204
Ken-ei 1866 1206
Jō-gen [Shō-gen] 1867 1207
Ken-riaku [Ken-reki] 1871 1211
Kem-pō 1873 1213
Jō-kiū [Shō-kiū] 1879 1219

NameJapanese EraChristian Era
Jō-ō [Tei-ō] 1882 1222
Gen-nin 1884 1224
Ka-roku 1885 1225
An-tei 1887 1227
Kwan-gi [Kwan-ki] 1889 1229
Jō-ei [Tei-ei] 1892 1232
Tem-puku 1893 1233
Bun-riaku [Bun-reki] 1894 1234
Ka-tei 1895 1235
Riaku-nin [Reki-nin] 1898 1238
En-ō 1899 1239
NIn-ji 1900 1240
Kwan-gen 1903 1243
Hō-ji 1907 1247
Ken-chō19091249
Kō-gen 1916 1256
Shō-ka 1917 1257
Shō-gen 1919 1259
Bun-ō 1920 1260
Ko-chō 1921 1261
Bun-ei 1924 1264
Ken-ji 1935 1275
Kō-an 1938 1278
Shō-ō 1948 1288
Ei-nin 1953 1293
Shō-an 1959 1299
Ken-gen 1962 1302
Ka-gen 1963 1303
Toku-ji 1966 1306
En-kiō [En-kei] 1968 1308
Ō-chō 1971 1311
Shō-wa 1972 1312
Bum-pō 1977 1317
Gen-ō 1979 1319
Gen-kō 1981 1321
Shō-chū 1984 1324

NameJapanese EraChristian Era
Ka-riaku [Ka-reki] 1986 1326
Gen-toku 1989 1329
Gen-kō 1991 1331
Kem-mu 1994 1334
En-gen 1996 1336
Kō-koku 2000 1340
Shō-hei 2006 1346
Ken-toku 2030 1370
Bun-chō 2032 1372
Ten-ju 2035 1375
Kō-wa 2041 1381
Gen-chū 2044 1384
Shō-kiō [Shō-kei] 1992 1332
Riaku-ō [Reki0ō] 1998 1338
Kō-ei 2002 1342
Jō-wa [Tei-wa] 2005 1345
Kwan-ō 2010 1350
Bun-wa [Bun-na] 2012 1352
Em-bun 2016 1356
Kō-an 2021 1361
Jō-ji [Tei-ji] 2022 1362
Ō-an 2028 1368
Ei-wa 2035 1375
Ko-riaku [Ko-reki] 2039 1379
Ei-toku 2041 1381
Shi-toku 2044 1384
Ka-kiō [Ka-kei] 2047 1387
Kō-ō 2049 1389
Mei-toku 2050 1390
ō-ei 2054 1394
Shō-chō 2088 1428
Ei-kiō 2089 1429
Ka-kitsu 2101 1441
Bun-an 2104 1444
Hō-toku 2109 1449

NameJapanese EraChristian Era
Kō-toku 2112 1452
Kō-shō 2115 1455
Chō-roku 2117 1457
Kwan-shō 2120 1460
Bun-shō 2126 1466
Ō-nin 2127 1467
Bum-mei 2129 1469
Chō-kō 2147 1487
En-toku 2149 1489
Mei-ō 2152 1492
Bun-ki 2161 1501
Ei-shō 2164 1504
Dai-ei [Tai-ei] 2181 1521
Kō-roku 2188 1528
Tem-bun 2192 1532
Kō-ji 2215 1555
Ei-roku 2218 1558
Gen-ki 2230 1570
Ten-shō 2233 1573
Bun-roku 2252 1592
Kei-chō 2256 1596
Gen-wa [Gen-na] 2275 1615
Kwan-ei 2284 1624
Shō-hō 2304 1644
Kei-an 2308 1648
Jō-ō [Shō-ō] 2312 1652
Mei-reki 2315 1655
Man-ji 2318 1658
Kwam-bun 2321 1661
Em-pō 2333 1673
Ten-wa [Ten-na] 2341 1681
Jō-kiō [Tei-kio] 2344 1684
Gen-roku 2348 1688
Hō-ei 2364 1704
Shō-toku 2371 1711
Kiō-hō 2376 1716

NameJapanese EraChristian Era
Gem-bun 2396 1736
Kwam-pō 2401 1741
En-kiō 2404 1744
Kwan-en 2408 1748
Hō-reki 2411 1751
Mei-wa 2424 1764
An-ei 2432 1772
Tem-mei 2441 1781
Kwan-sei 2449 1789
Kiō-wa 2461 1801
Bun-kwa 2464 1804
Bun-sei 2478 1818
Tem-pō 2490 1830
Kō-kwa 2504 1844
Ka-ei 2508 1848
An-sei 2514 1854
Man-en 2520 1860
Bun-kiū 2521 1861
Gen-ji 2524 1864
Kei-ō 2525 1865
Mei-ji 2528 1868
Tai-shō [not Tai-sei] 2572 1912

The names of these eras are made by various combi- nations of 68 Chinese words of good omen, and they are divided into syllables according to the number of Chinese ideographs employed.